This work was undertaken for the International Energy Agency’s (IEA) Advanced Motor Fuels. Advanced Motor Fuels (AMF) is one of the IEA transportation related Technology Collaboration Programmes. Technology Collaboration Programmes (TCPs) are multilateral technology initiatives that encourage technology-related activities that support energy security, economic growth and environmental protection.

The purpose of this work was to improve the understanding of the concept of life cycle analysis of transportation fuels and some of its pertinent issues among non-technical people, senior managers, and policy makers. This work should provide some guidance to nations considering LCA-based policies and to people who are affected by existing policies or those being developed.