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 Marine Oil TagsBiodiesel
Canola
Economic
Ethanol
Fertilizer
GHGenius 2.5
GHGenius 2.6
Marine Oil
Methanol
Soybeans
Tall Oil
Tallow
Yellow Grease
 BC Biodiesel Feedstock Study
 Prepared March 2006
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The Federal Government has included a production goal of 500 million litres of biodiesel by 2010 in its Climate Change Action plan. They have also established an $11.9 million fund that will support research and provide incentives for industrial-scale biodiesel pilot plants, and support demonstrations of its effectiveness to encourage broader use of biodiesel.

One key aspect of meeting the 500 million litre target is the identification of sufficient feedstock to convert into biodiesel. Feedstock availability is quite diverse across Canada with different regions not only producing different feedstocks but also having varying supply and demand balances. The objective of this work is to investigate these feedstock issues for the Province of British Columbia.

The specific goals of this work are therefore:
- First, to identify total volumes and types of potential British Columbia feedstock available annually to produce biodiesel (methyl ester), including identifying potential of feedstock imports and exports.
- Secondly, to identify whether British Columbia has sufficient (volume, type, availability, price) domestic biodiesel feedstock to supply a viable domestic biodiesel industry in the short and long-term, and to identify how feedstock imports and exports impact the industry.
- Finally, to evaluate other issues that might arise with some of the specific feedstocks.

Six classes of biodiesel feedstocks have been considered in this report. In five of the six cases the product is currently being sold for some application. Only in the case of trucked liquid wastes (brown grease) is the feedstock being disposed of. These non-marketed volumes are very limited. In many cases there are also imports and exports of the feedstocks.

Tags: Biodiesel - Canola - Marine Oil - Tall Oil - Tallow - Yellow Grease
 Biodiesel GHG Emissions Update
 Prepared January 2005
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The production of biodiesel from vegetable oils, tallow and yellow grease was added to GHGenius in 2002. In 2004 the production and conversion of marine oils to biodiesel was added to the model. Since 2002, there has been growing interest in the production of biodiesel in Canada. The National Research Council has recently completed a lifecycle analysis of biodiesel and that effort produced additional data that is applicable to biodiesel production. A number of new European LCA reports are now available and these have additional data that can be incorporated into the analysis. There have been a number of comments and suggestions made with respect to the original 2002 report so it is appropriate to revisit the input data for these pathways in GHGenius. Additional information has also recently become available on fertilizer production in Canada so that work has also been reviewed and incorporated into the model.

The original work in 2002 included an assessment of ethanol-diesel blends. Those fuels are not included in this work although a review of the emissions from ethanol production and ethanol blends is planned for the near future.
The goal of this work is to:
∑ Expand the biodiesel pathways in the model so that tallow and yellow grease pathways can be analyzed at the same time rather than have them share a pathway where the user must select which to model,
∑ Add the intermediate production of the lipid feedstock to the upstream results on Sheet K,
∑ Regionalize the production of fertilizer in the model,
∑ Review and update the data that is used in the biodiesel production pathways,
∑ Review and discuss the role of the biodiesel co-products in the LCA, and to
∑ Use the model to perform some sensitivity analysis on the inputs in the biodiesel pathways so that a better understanding of biodieselís benefits can be achieved.

GHGenius has been expanded to include five biodiesel pathways and all five are available for each model run. In addition, the upstream emissions are available for the five oils used as biodiesel feedstocks.

Tags: Biodiesel - Canola - Fertilizer - GHGenius 2.6 - Marine Oil - Soybeans - Tallow - Yellow Grease
 Economic, Financial, Policy Analysis Biodiesel
 Prepared November 2004
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The Federal Government has included a production goal of 500 million litres of biodiesel by 2010 in its Climate Change Action plan. They have also established an $11.9 million fund that will support research and provide incentives for industrial-scale biodiesel pilot plants, and support demonstrations of its effectiveness to encourage broader use of biodiesel.

There has been little economic and financial analysis of biodiesel within a Canadian context. The few published and unpublished studies carried-out so far for the public sectors have dealt mostly with potential socio-economic impacts and have attracted little interest from the investment community due to their lack of focus on profitability, both short and long term. Policy and decision makers, financial institutions, and other economic players need the more detailed, formal analysis framework in order to make investment decisions regarding the development of these fuels.

The primary objective of this study is to assess the current and future economics of bio-diesel plants in Canada and to develop estimates of demand, supply, and prices (costs and selling) of this fuel. The results are then used to develop a template-like analytical tool for various models of ownership structure, to help assess the financial performance of various types of biodiesel (regional and feedstock specific) plants across Canada.

The work was carried out in Phases and stages. This report covers Phase 1, for biodiesel. A similar report has been prepared for ethanol.

The specific objectives of Phase 1, Stage 1 were to:
∑ Review literature on economic and financial performance of biodiesel plants.
∑ Identify successful plants and reasons for success.
∑ Quantify feedstock resources and production costs.
∑ Develop a comprehensive financial model.
∑ Develop a supply curve.

The objectives of Phase 1, Stage 2 were to:
∑ Identification of market barriers.
∑ Evaluate policy tools including.
o Government capital investment
o Favourable tax treatment
o Infrastructure investment
o R&D funding
o Renewable content mandates
o Emission taxes
∑ Examine the potential for regionalization of tools.
∑ Quantification of levels of support required.
∑ Investigate other approaches to market development.

Phase 1, Stage 3 of the work focuses on the international aspects of a developing biodiesel industry and considers the threats and opportunities that international trade in biofuels presents. The specific tasks of this stage include:
∑ Identification of the level of international trade.
∑ Production cost comparison with the potential exporters of biodiesel.
∑ Analysis of the import alternatives that biodiesel users in Canada would face.
∑ Evaluate the impacts that biodiesel imports might face and identify measures that might mitigate the impacts.
∑ Evaluate the impact of trade agreements on enabling or disabling Canadian industry competitiveness.

The second phase of the work will have some analysis related to GHG emissions.

Tags: Biodiesel - Canola - Economic - Marine Oil - Soybeans - Tallow - Yellow Grease
 Marine Based Biodiesel
 Prepared November 2004
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GHGenius has had pathways for the production of biodiesel from canola, soybeans, animal tallow and yellow grease. This work adds the generic production of biodiesel from marine oils to GHGenius and compares those results to a specific Canadian operation, Ocean Nutrition, producing marine oil biodiesel.
Ocean Nutrition produces an ethyl ester from marine oils in Nova Scotia. The process is commercially unique from several perspectives including, the use of ethanol rather than the more common methanol as the alcohol, the use of marine oils as the feedstock, and the co-processing that is carried out to produce Omega 3 oils for nutritional purposes as well as producing biodiesel.
The goal of this work is to:
∑ Add the commercial harvesting of fish and its reduction to proteins and oils to GHGenius.
∑ Add a biodiesel pathway that utilizes marine oils as the feedstock to complement the existing animal fats and vegetable oil pathways.
∑ Modify and expand GHGenius to allow the use of ethanol rather than methanol in the biodiesel production system. Review the literature to determine how others have addressed this issue since the carbon in the ethanol is renewable whereas in the methanol it is not. It may be that the impact is on the glycerine production and how that is ultimately used.
∑ Address the allocation issues raised by the co-production of biodiesel and the high value Omega-3 oils produced in the Ocean Nutrition process.

Tags: Biodiesel - Ethanol - GHGenius 2.5 - Marine Oil - Methanol
(S&T)2 Consultants Inc. 2004 Important Notices