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1. Undertake a modification to NRCan’s GHGenius model for lifecycle transportation related greenhouse gas emissions so that India is included as a country in the model. The model once updated to include the necessary data and background information on India will be made available in the public domain in India as well as in Canada.
2. The GHGenius modifications for India shall include but not necessarily be limited to updates to the gasoline, diesel and natural gas pathways, for both light-duty and heavy-duty vehicles, and shall consider nationwide and city specific regulatory requirements anticipated to come into effect over a 10-year period commencing April 1, 2005.
3. The GHGenius modifications for India shall include baseline gasoline and CNG light-duty vehicles, baseline diesel and CNG heavy-duty vehicles, and shall provide the ability to model the CNG light-duty vehicles and heavy-duty vehicles.
Most of the required data for the model has been found from public sources. In some cases the data is quite old and the accuracy of the model could be improved with more up to date should it become available.
Preliminary results for light and heavy-duty vehicles are summarized in this report.
Tags: GHGenius 3.2 - India
1. A new table has been added to sheet I that shows the fossil energy consumption per kilometre driven. This augments the existing Table 51c that shows the total energy consumed per kilometre driven.
2. New information on the energy requirements to remove sulphur from gasoline and diesel fuel in Canada has recently become available. This information has been reviewed, and the formulas on sheet G have been changed to be consistent with this new data.
3. There is increased interest in the concept of plug in hybrid vehicles. These vehicles have a larger battery pack than existing hybrid vehicles and must be plugged in to maximize the battery charge. The vehicles operate with some fraction of the energy consumed provided by the power from the grid rather than having all of the power provided by the gasoline engine. These vehicles can operate as a combination of a battery powered electric vehicle and a gasoline vehicle. This pathway has been added to the results sheets using a user specified fraction of distance provided by the grid power and battery size.
4. There has also been interest in modelling gasoline powered heavy-duty vehicles and gasoline hybrid heavy-duty vehicles. These vehicles may also be medium duty vehicles so the classes of vehicles modelled have been expanded by including vehicle weight as part of the user inputs. This will allow the different weight classes to exhibit different efficiencies. The US EPA guidance on this issue has been followed.
5. The production of ethanol from sugar cane has been added to the model. While the production of ethanol from sugar cane is not likely possible in Canada, there has been some sugar cane ethanol imported into Canada and interest in this pathway remains high in Canada. Some information on the production process is available from Brazilian sources and this information has been reviewed to extract the data required for adding this pathway to GHGenius.
6. The energy consumed in the manufacture of materials that are used in the manufacture of vehicles is found on sheet L in the model. This information was briefly reviewed in the 2004 model update but there were still significant gaps in terms of good quality Canadian data availability. This issue has been reviewed again to search for new information that has become available in the past several years on the subject. Updated data has been incorporated into the model.
The version of the model that accompanies this report is version 3.2.
Tags: Ethanol - GHGenius 3.2 - Materials - PHEV - Sugar Cane